Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an extremely common disorder affecting 4% to 12% of women of reproductive age. Despite being heterogeneous in nature, the hallmarks of the disease are hyperandrogenism ( excessive male hormones)and chronic anovulation(irregular periods)

Based on the current understanding of PCOS, it is important that the management is not only toward improving the often troublesome hirsutism and infertility but also toward the long-term risks associated with insulin resistance(IR). Indeed, the management of the PCOS patient often will vary over time as the patient enters different stages of life with different goals. 

Generally, there are four issues that arise in the management of PCOS patients: regulation of menses, control of hirsutism, fertility issues, and the management of the insulin resistance syndrome and its associated risks (type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease)

 

Lifestyle modification 

It is the first step of management which includes dietary restriction, exercise, and weight loss. It has been seen that just a 5% loss of total body weight reduces insulin resistance and testosterone levels with marked improvement in body composition and cardiovascular risk markers.

Fertility medicines 

To reduce excessive hair growth 

Lifestyle and home remedies 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *